With June being Men’s health awareness month, we’d like to discuss prostate cancer in this blog post. Prostate cancer has become one of the most common cancers found in men and it’s an important point of discussion and something everyone should be aware of.
Here are a few things to know about the prostate and prostate cancer:
- The prostate is a gland found only in men. It is about the size of a walnut and sits below the bladder.
- Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men. One in seven men in the United States will be diagnosed with the disease in his lifetime.
- Compared to other men, African-American men and men with a family history of the disease are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer. A man with a father or brother who had prostate cancer is twice as likely to develop the disease.
- The BRCA 1/2 mutation is also believed to increase prostate cancer risk.
All men are at risk for prostate cancer at any point in their lifetime. However, there are specific risk factors that increase the likelihood that certain men will develop the disease.
Risk factors include:
- Age: Aggressive prostate cancer is virtually nonexistent in men under 40. With age, however, the chance of developing prostate cancer increases. Nearly two-thirds of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men over 65, and nearly one-half of prostate cancer deaths occur in men initially diagnosed after 75.
- Race: Prostate cancer is about twice as common among African-American men as it is among white American men.
- Diet: Epidemiological data suggest that the diet consumed in industrialized Western countries may be a factor in developing prostate cancer. Consider the following information regarding diet and its effect on the risk for prostate cancer:
- Fat: Some studies suggest that men who eat a high-fat diet, especially if it is high in red meat or high-fat dairy products, may have a greater chance of developing prostate cancer.
- Fruits and vegetables: Diets high in fruits and vegetables may lower prostate cancer risk, although it is not clear which nutrient(s) may be responsible for this.
- Carotenoids: Carotenoids, such as lycopenes, have been shown to inhibit the growth of human prostate cancer cells grown in the laboratory. The primary source of lycopenes is processed tomatoes. Again, however, it is not clear if lycopenes affect prostate cancer risk in men, as not all studies have found a benefit.
Talk to your doctor if you or a loved one is at risk of prostate cancer. One chat could save a life.Tags: cancer, Men’s health awareness month, mens cancer, mens health, prostate, prostate cancer, prostate gland