The Zika virus has not left the news and continues to be a topic. But what can we do to steer clear of Zika? Because it’s a mosquito borne virus, whether it’s been found in your location or not, staying covered and using bug spray will significantly help. Below is a list that the CDC recently published to help you to prevent mosquito bites. When in areas with Zika and other diseases spread by mosquitoes, take the following steps:
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Stay in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
- Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside your home.
- Sleep under a mosquito bed net if you are overseas or outside and are not able to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
- Use EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)-registered insect repellents with one of the following active ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or para-menthane-diol. Choosing an EPA-registered repellent ensures the EPA has evaluated the product for effectiveness. When used as directed, EPA-registered insect repellents are proven safe and effective, even for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
- Always follow the product label instructions.
- Re-apply insect repellent as directed.
- Do not spray repellent on the skin under clothing.
- If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen before applying insect repellent.
- To protect your child from mosquito bites:
- Do not use insect repellent on babies younger than 2 months old.
- Do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane-diol on children younger than 3 years old.
- Dress your child in clothing that covers arms and legs.
- Cover crib, stroller, and baby carrier with mosquito netting.
- Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin.
- Adults: Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face.
- Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated items.
- Treated clothing remains protective after multiple washings. See product information to learn how long the protection will last.
- If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions carefully.
- Do NOT use permethrin products directly on skin. They are intended to treat clothing.
Caregiving takes many forms. Many of us help out family members and friends who are older, sick, or disabled every day but don't think of ourselves as caregivers. Caregiving can range from providing short- or long-term financial assistance or running errands to providing comprehensive round-the-clock care. Most rely assistance from families, friends and neighbors. Many people become caregivers unexpectedly, which can be very difficult. It is easy to become overwhelmed as a new caregiver. Here are a few tips that can help:
- Learn as much as you can before and after you start! Learn about the person's medical condition or diagnosis. By learning more you will understand your loved one's disease or condition and can be better able to care for them now and plan for the future. Also, set aside some time to acquaint yourself with their doctors, therapists, prescription drugs, and insurance coverage.
- Talk about finances and healthcare wishes. Having these conversations can be difficult but can help you carry out your loved one's wishes and take care of their financial affairs should they no longer be able to do these things themselves.
- Discuss care with those around you. Get advice. Invite family and close friends to come together and discuss the needed care. If possible, it's helpful to include the person needing care in this meeting. This meeting gives you a chance to explain what they need, plan for care, and ask others for help.
- Use community resources. Services such as Meals on Wheels, adult day programs, and respite care may help relieve your workload and increase your free time. Look for caregiver educational programs that will increase your knowledge and confidence.
- Take care of yourself. Don't forget your own mental and physical health by putting your loved one's needs first. Nearly half of caregivers have reported that their health has gotten worse due to caregiving. Of those caregivers who say their health has declined, over half report that declining health has made it harder to support their loved one.
With Father's Day soon approaching, did you know Father’s Day also falls during National Men’s Health week? It’s not a coincidence that we celebrate dad and Men’s Health in one week. The purpose of Men’s Health Month is to heighten the awareness of preventable health problems and encourage early detection and treatment of disease among men and boys. This month gives healthcare providers, public policy makers, the media, and individuals an opportunity to encourage men and boys to seek regular medical advice and early treatment for disease and injury. The response has been overwhelming with thousands of awareness activities in the USA and around the globe. For more information on National Men’s Health week, visit menshealthweek.org.
Summer bring activity and activity sometimes causes injury. A lot of times in your knees. Whether it's due to arthritis or an injury, it is important to keep an eye on what is actually causing knee pain. To start, the knee supports motions such as walking, running, crouching, jumping, and turning. Several parts help the knee to do its job, including:
- When did the pain start?
- How did the pain start?
- Is the pain linked to an injury?
- How severe is the pain?
- How has the pain changed over time?
- What makes the pain worse and what makes it better?
- What treatment has been used so far?
- Has this ever happened before?
With the recent news discussing the superbug that may not be killed by the antibiotics currently on the market, there has been a lot of discussion surrounding the overuse of antibiotics. Every year, your family may share of colds, sore throats, and other viruses as they cycle through society. When you visit the doctor with these illnesses, do you automatically expect a prescription for antibiotics? Many people do. And they're surprised, if they leave the doctor's office empty-handed — after all, who doesn’t want to get better as quickly as possible? But your doctor could be doing you and your family a favor by not reaching for the prescription pad. Taking antibiotics for colds and other viral illnesses not only won't work, but it can also have dangerous side effects — over time, this practice actually helps create bacteria that are harder to kill. Frequent and inappropriate use of antibiotics can cause bacteria or other microbes to change so antibiotics don’t work against them. This is called bacterial resistance or antibiotic resistance. Treating these resistant bacteria requires higher doses of medicine or stronger antibiotics. Because of antibiotic overuse, certain bacteria have become resistant to even the most powerful antibiotics available today. Antibiotic resistance is a widespread problem, and one that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) calls "one of the world's most pressing public health problems." Bacteria that were once highly responsive to antibiotics have become more and more resistant. Among those that are becoming harder to treat are pneumococcal infections (which cause pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, and meningitis), skin infections, and tuberculosis. In addition to antibiotic resistance, overusing antibiotics can lead to other problems. Antibiotics kill many different bacteria, even the good ones that help keep the body healthy. Sometimes taking antibiotics can cause a person to develop diarrhea due to a lack of good bacteria that help digest food properly. In some cases, bad bacteria, like Clostridium difficile (or C diff), may overgrow and cause infections. Talk to your doctor about antibiotic use. And remember your doctor will only prescribe them if they are needed.