Just a few serious sunburns can increase your risk of skin cancer. Adults and children need protection from ultraviolet (UV) rays whenever they're outdoors. Learn how to protect your child from sun damage.
- Seek shade when necessary. UV rays are strongest and most harmful during midday, so it's best to plan indoor activities then. If this is not possible, seek shade under a tree, an umbrella, or a pop-up tent.
- When possible, cover up with long-sleeved shirts and long pants and skirts to provide protection from UV rays.
- Wear a hat that shades the face, scalp, ears, and neck. If your child chooses a baseball cap, be sure to protect exposed areas with sunscreen.
- Wear sunglasses. They protect your child's eyes from UV rays, which can lead to cataracts later in life.
- Use a sunscreen with at least SPF (sun protection factor) 15 every time your child goes outside. For the best protection, apply sunscreen generously 30 minutes before going outdoors. Don't forget to protect ears, noses, lips, and the tops of feet.
It’s summer! Pools and lakes are filled with kids getting wet and playing with their friends. School is out; vacations are on. – but summer play can carry risks. Doctors often see a rise in injuries related to things swimming and other summer recreational activities. Do your kids know how to swim? Water safety can be one of the most important things you and your children master this summer. Swimming and other water activities are excellent ways to get the physical activity and health benefits needed for a healthy life. Get the most from these activities while helping everyone stay safe and healthy.
- Parents and babysitters play a key role in protecting children from drowning. When kids are in or near water, closely supervise them at all times.
- Help prevent recreational water illnesses, which is illness caused by germs and chemicals found in the water we swim in. Keep the pee, poop, sweat, and dirt out of the water. Take kids on bathroom breaks and check diapers every hour, and change them in a bathroom or diaper-changing area–not poolside–to keep germs away from the pool.
- Stay safe while boating by wearing a life jacket. Properly fitted life jackets can prevent drownings and should be worn at all times by everyone on any boat.
With summer comes grilling, cooking fresh food outside, and sometimes the mishandling of food, which can lead to salmonella. Salmonella is a food borne illness causing approximately one million people to get sick per year, including 19,000 hospitalizations and 380 deaths. Salmonella is a bacteria ma. It was discovered by an American scientist named Dr. Salmon, and has been known to cause illness for over 125 years. Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps between 12 and 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most individuals recover without treatment. In some cases, diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. In these patients, the Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body sites. In these cases, Salmonella can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with antibiotics. The elderly, infants, and those with impaired immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness. Think you may have salmonella? Contact your doctor right away.
Did you know July is the historic month that the rabies vaccination was the first given to a human? On July 6, 1885 there was a major step forward in modern medicine. Although not certain the vaccine would work, French microbiologist Louis Pasteur successfully gave the first anti-rabies vaccination to nine-year-old Joseph Meister, who had been bitten by an infected dog. Pasteur, who had first tested the rabies vaccine on dogs, was a pioneer in using vaccines to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. Look where we are now? Rabies is a serious disease. It is caused by a virus that mainly lives in animals, but if humans are are bitten by an infected animal, the virus can have serious consequences. At first there might not be any symptoms. But weeks, or even months after a bite, rabies can cause pain, fatigue, headaches, fever, and irritability. These are followed by seizures, hallucinations, and paralysis. Human rabies is almost always fatal. People at high risk of exposure to rabies, such as veterinarians, animal handlers, rabies laboratory workers, spelunkers, and rabies biologics production workers should be offered rabies vaccine. Interested in learning more about the rabies vaccination? Ask your doctor.
Did you know that 44% of injuries related to fireworks happen to people under the age of 19? While sparklers may seem like a fun way to celebrate the day with friends and family, they could actually ruin the holiday, or even the rest of your summer. Fire department officials say they have more burns predominantly on young children, due to sparklers, than they see fires. Sparklers that people hand their children are approximately 1,300 degrees in temperature. It does not take much for a severe burn from a spark or accidental drop to burn your child. It’s very important for parents to understand the damage the can be done in just seconds by fireworks, particularly sparklers. Even more hazardous is if a sparkler makes contact with a child’s clothing. Young children are especially vulnerable to this. Not only do they not always have the fine motor control, but they also have really tender skin, and so if something happens and a spark falls or even a spent sparkler can remain hot for quite some time. Your best bet when it comes to fireworks on the 4th? Leave it to the pro's and watch from afar. We recommend that people go to the public displays. They are far more elaborate, they're far safer, and the people who are doing those public displays know what they're doing. Have a Happy 4th of July weekend!