Diabetes is everywhere. About 208,000 children and young adults under the age of 20, have diagnosed diabetes. Most of them have type 1 diabetes. As obesity rates in children continue to soar, type 2 diabetes, a disease that used to be seen primarily in adults over age 45, is becoming more common in young people. Children with diabetes and their families face unique challenges when dealing with diabetes.
Diabetes is a serious disease. When you have diabetes your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Having too much glucose in your blood is not healthy. There are different types of diabetes:
- With type 1 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin. You need insulin to use the food you eat for energy. With this type of diabetes, you need to get insulin from shots or a pump. Your genes and other factors may cause a person to get type 1 diabetes.
- With type 2 diabetes, your body cannot use the insulin it makes. Teens are more likely to get type 2 if they weigh too much, are not active, or have a family member with diabetes. You are also more likely to get diabetes if you are a Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, African American, Asian American or Pacific Islander.
- Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that some women get when they are pregnant. It increases the chances of both the mother and her child getting diabetes later on.
Specifically type 2 diabetes can be prevented. Exercise, weight management and eating healthy can make your chances of getting diabetes decrease. Make sure to talk to your doctor if you have questions about diabetes.Tags: diabetes, diabetes and kids, diabetes awareness, diabetes kids, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes