Diabetic Eye Disease - What is it and how can you tell if it’s being caused by diabetes? Diabetes is on the rise in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control, more than 84 million US adults—over a third—have prediabetes, and 90% of them don't know they have it. Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States (and may be underreported). Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes; type 1 diabetes accounts for about 5%. Did you know that diabetes can cause additional ailments including eye disease? Diabetes is one of the leading causes of irreversible blindness worldwide, and, in the United States, it is the most common cause of blindness in people younger than 65 years of age. The signs and symptoms of diabetic eye disease, also known as retinopathy, encompass a wide range of other eye problems, for example:
- Diabetes may cause a reversible, temporary blurring of the vision, or it can cause a severe, permanent loss of vision.
- Diabetes increases the risk of developing cataracts and glaucoma.
- Some people may not even realize they have had diabetes for several years until they begin to experience problems with their eyes or vision.
- Diabetes also may result in heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and circulatory abnormalities of the legs.
- The American Diabetes Association estimates that 30.3 million people in the United States have diabetes, and 8.1 million people additional people went undiagnosed. (This population is unaware that they have diabetes.)
- In the United States 1.5 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed every year.
- In the US in 2012, the total annual cost of diagnosed diabetes was 2.45 billion.
- Eighty-four million people in the US have prediabetes, and 9 out of every 10 don't know they have it. Of the 84 million people with prediabetes, without lifestyle changes 15% to 30% of them will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
- Lifestyle management has been shown to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and prediabetes by at least two-thirds. It can also slow or halt the progression of prediabetes to diabetes.
- People can try to avoid the problems associated with diabetes, including those that affect the eyes, by taking appropriate care of themselves by the following:
- Maintain a normal level of weight
- Watch your diet, especially limiting unhealthy types of fats and substituting complex carbohydrates for simple carbohydrates.
- Participate in an exercise program. Try to exercise for least 30 minutes, five days a week or more. There are many ways to accomplish this without any expense. Go for a walk after lunch or dinner, ride bikes with the kids, plan an activity with a partner or friend, or rent an exercise DVD. Always check with your health-care professional before starting any exercise program.
- Don't smoke or quit if you do.
With November being diabetes awareness month, we’d like to bring you a little information on how people get diabetes in Americans today. The causes of Diabetes vary depending on your genetic makeup, family history, ethnicity, health and environmental factors. Because everyone is different, there technically is no one common diabetes cause that fits every type of diabetes. For example, the causes of type 1 diabetes vary considerably from the causes of gestational diabetes. Similarly, the causes of type 2 diabetes are distinct from the causes of type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system destroying the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. This causes diabetes by leaving the body without enough insulin to function normally. This is called an autoimmune reaction, or autoimmune cause, because the body is attacking itself. There is no specific diabetes causes, but the following triggers may be involved:
- Viral or bacterial infection
- Chemical toxins within food
- Unidentified component causing autoimmune reaction
- Living a sedentary lifestyle
- Increasing age
- Bad diet
Diabetes is everywhere. About 208,000 children and young adults under the age of 20, have diagnosed diabetes. Most of them have type 1 diabetes. As obesity rates in children continue to soar, type 2 diabetes, a disease that used to be seen primarily in adults over age 45, is becoming more common in young people. Children with diabetes and their families face unique challenges when dealing with diabetes. Diabetes is a serious disease. When you have diabetes your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Having too much glucose in your blood is not healthy. There are different types of diabetes:
- With type 1 diabetes, your body cannot make insulin. You need insulin to use the food you eat for energy. With this type of diabetes, you need to get insulin from shots or a pump. Your genes and other factors may cause a person to get type 1 diabetes.
- With type 2 diabetes, your body cannot use the insulin it makes. Teens are more likely to get type 2 if they weigh too much, are not active, or have a family member with diabetes. You are also more likely to get diabetes if you are a Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, African American, Asian American or Pacific Islander.
- Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that some women get when they are pregnant. It increases the chances of both the mother and her child getting diabetes later on.
One in 11 Americans have diabetes — that’s more than 29 million people. And another 86 million adults in the United States are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. To raise awareness this month has been deemed as American Diabetes Awareness month. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of disability and death in the United States. It can cause blindness, nerve damage, kidney disease, and several other health problems if it’s not controlled. The good news? People who are at high risk for type 2 diabetes can lower their risk by more than half if they make healthy changes. These changes include:
- Healthy eating habits
- Increased physical activity
- Weight loss
As if living with psoriasis isn’t enough. When one has psoriasis, there are other conditions that those living with it are prone to. See the full list below. Psoriatic arthritis. One in every three people with psoriasis also develop psoriatic arthritis, a condition that causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints. However, some people have psoriatic arthritis without developing psoriasis. Cardiovascular disease. According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, if you have severe psoriasis, your chance of having a major cardiac event is 58 percent higher than that of people who don't have psoriasis, and your risk for stroke is 43 percent higher. Diabetes. People with severe psoriasis are 46 percent more likely to also have type 2 diabetes, and those with mild psoriasis are 11 percent more likely — even in the absence of traditional risk factors for this form of diabetes, such as obesity. Inflammation can cause or exacerbate insulin resistance, a precursor to type 2 diabetes. Mood disorders. One in every four people with psoriasis experience depression, when they have psoriasis. This likely results from the pain, anxiety, and decreased self-esteem that often accompanies the disease. Cancer. Psoriasis has also been associated with an increased risk for certain cancers, such squamous cell carcinoma and lymphoma. One study found that people with psoriasis are 40 percent more likely to develop certain types of cancer than the general population are, but the actual cause of this increased cancer risk is still unclear Obesity. People with psoriasis are more likely to be obese than people without psoriasis, with a 30 percent increased risk for those with mild psoriasis and an 80 percent increased risk for those with severe psoriasis. Kidney disease. Researchers found a 36 percent greater risk of kidney disease for those with moderate psoriasis and 58 percent greater risk for those with severe psoriasis. However, if your psoriasis is mild — defined as affecting 2 percent or less of your total body surface — your risk usually will be no greater than that of the general population. Peptic ulcers. People with psoriasis are 22 percent more likely to get ulcers than people without psoriasis. High cholesterol. High levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein (or LDL) cholesterol are also more common among people with psoriasis. In fact, psoriasis brings a 28 percent increased risk for high cholesterol compared to the risk among the general public. If you have psoriasis and have questions about other conditions that may arise, speak with your doctor.
November is American Diabetes Awareness Month. By bringing awareness to this serious disease and teaching people how they can change their eating habits, increase physical activity, and work on weight loss solutions, we can make a difference, specifically with those high risk of type 2 diabetes. Know the facts about diabetes!
- Diabetes is one of the leading causes of disability and death in the United States.
- Diabetes can cause blindness, nerve damage, kidney disease, and other health problems if it’s not controlled.
- One in 11 Americans have diabetes — that’s more than 29 million people. And another 86 million adults in the United States are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
One of our speciality services is diabetes treatment. We offer ways to help you keep your diabetes under control and correctly monitor your symptoms and severity to keep you healthy. We also offer screenings and assessments to review your risks and help you take preventative care. Our diabetes services include:
- Risk Assessment
- Initiate medical treatment
- Consulting with Diabetic Instructors for patient Education