It’s summer! Being outside is an essential part to enjoying your summer. But, so is not getting a sun burn. Between the beach, the park, outdoor sporting events, hiking, concerts, and more, keeping your skin protected is extremely important.
The sun’s rays contain two types of ultraviolet light. Ultraviolet A (UVA) causes tanning, aging skin, and wrinkles. Ultraviolet B (UVB) causes sunburn. Both can cause skin cancer. You can burn on sunny days, cloudy days, and cold days. The white sand on the beach and the white snow of winter both reflect the sun’s rays. You can burn whether you’re skiing on water or snow.
Signs of sunburn are redness and pain. You may also have swelling and blistering. A bad sunburn can lead to heatstroke and dehydration.
Wearing sunscreen doesn’t always keep you from burning. No sunscreen can completely protect you from UV rays. A sunscreen labeled “waterproof” or “water resistant” will not protect you all day. When you swim or sweat, reapply your sunscreen.
To prevent a sunburn follow the following prevention tips:
- Use only water-resistant or waterproof sunscreen. It should protect against both UVA and UVB rays and have an SPF of at least 15. Reapply every 2 hours and after swimming or sweating.
- Wear protective clothing when possible. Always include a hat and sunglasses.
- Limit sun exposure between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. This is when UV rays are strongest. If your shadow is shorter than you are, get out of the sun.
- Keep children in the shade and in protective clothing.Follow the same sunscreen rules for them that you would for yourself. Don’t use sunscreen on children younger than 6 months old. They should be kept out of the sun. If a child under age 1 gets sunburn, call your pediatrician right away. Also seek emergency care if a child of any age has a sunburn with fever, blistering, severe pain, or lethargy.
- Be aware that water, snow, and sand all reflect UV raysand increase your chances for sunburn.
If you do get sunburnt, use a cool wet compress, soothing lotions, and cool baths may help relieve minor sunburn pain. Drink plenty of fluids. For serious burns, call your physician right away. Medication may prevent infection and help with the swelling and pain.Tags: burn, redness, sun burn, sun burn prevention, sun essentials, sunburn, sunburn awareness, sunburn causes, sunburn pain, sunburn prevention, wear sunburn