Your thyroid is a small gland at the base of your neck that makes thyroid hormone (found just below your Adam’s apple). Thyroid hormone controls many activities in your body, including how fast you burn calories and how fast your heart beats.
Diseases of the thyroid cause it to make either too much or too little of the hormone. Depending on how much or how little hormone your thyroid makes, you may often feel restless or tired, or you may lose or gain weight. Generally, women are more likely than men to have thyroid diseases, especially right after pregnancy and after menopause.
You may want to talk to your doctor about getting your thyroid tested if you:
- Had a thyroid problem in the past
- Had surgery or radiotherapy affecting the thyroid gland
- Have a condition such as goiter, anemia, or type 1 diabetes
Talk to your doctor if you have additional questions about thyroid disease.